Java Chicken: Breed Knowledge, Eggs, Care and More

The Java Chicken breed is one of the most prized breeds of American poultry, the breed comes in a short range of colors such as Mottled Java Chicken, Black Java Chicken & White Java Chicken. In this article, I’ll educate you on their origins, egg laying, appearance, health issues and any other questions you may have hopefully.

Java Chicken History and Background

Javas are well respected in the world of American Poultry history, these fowl were incredibly popular in the 19th century. Many people hold the assumption that these birds originate from Indonesia, the on the island of Java, but this couldn’t be further from reality. The Java Chickens were bred in the United States, but if that’s the case why do they carry such an exotic name? Though there’s no confirmations on this, legend has it that their ancestors may have been East Asian – a bit of a mystery really, but it’s still intriguing none the less!

Javas were developed for meat production, and man, did they deliver! Though not quite the speediest in the growth department compared to the dashing modern breeds, Javas compensated with their oomph in meat quality. Their delightful taste and plump texture made them a favorite amongst homesteaders! And, of course, their genetics was gold! They lent their genes to give rise to many other stars in the poultry world like Jersey Giant, Plymouth Rock, and Rhode Island Red! Fancy, huh?

Java Chicken Characteristics

The Java Chicken breed has almost gone extinct, this happened because commercial growers got their eyes on better breeds, and Javas were left backstage. By the time the 20th century was wrapping up, they were like an old vinyl record in the world of Spotify. It was a close shave, but poultry enthusiasts and conservationists, have began making an effort to save the breed from falling off the face of the earth.

The Java has a long, broad back, and a deep chest that sticks out with pride, which makes for a solid, rectangular build. They have small red earlobes, that shine like rubies. Their feathers is where their true beauty shines though, coming in a couple of colors such as Black Java, Mottled Java, Auburn Java & White Java, these birds are absolutely stunning.

One of the massive perks of the Java is their incredible foraging skills, give them a plot of land and they’ll spend every hour of the day foraging it like there’s no tomorrow.  It’s not just wanderlust, though; it’s smart economics! They can save you some serious dough on supplementary feed with their top-notch foraging skills.

Java Chicken Size

When it comes to Size the Javas get to be pretty large,  which makes sense when you understand the breeds created off their seemingly perfect genetic structure. Java roosters can strut around weighing a cool 9.5 pounds! Meanwhile, the hens, will often reach somewhere between 6.5 and 7.5 pounds.

Java Chicken Temperament

In terms of their temperament there’s honestly not much that could go wrong, Javas are sweet, calm, and incredibly friendly. They’ll become your kids best friends if you allow them, they enjoy behind held and communicating with their humans. They don’t exclude clucking around with other chicken breeds either, these birds try to bring endless peace among the vast variety of breeds that your coop may foster.

Java Chicken Egg Production Per Year

Java hens don’t disappoint in the department of egg laying, they’ll lay on average around 150-180 beautiful large tinted-to-dark brown eggs each year – and guess what – they don’t shy away from laying in winter! These gals are also known to be pretty broody, meaning that holding some of these birds in your flock may likely turn into some hatched out chicks at some point, which is an experience every homesteader needs to have at least once.

Java Chicken Summary

Javas seen almost every side of keeping poultry, from being used as a primary meat bird, to being prized for both egg laying and meat production, to almost going extinct due to other birds evolving into competitors (in some cases off their own genetics), to now having an almost picture perfect come back in the form of chicken lovers, and homesteaders alike.

These birds are incredibly resourceful, large, packed full of American culture, sweet as can be, and provide endless opportunity for your family through their large brown eggs, and delicate meat. I don’t think I personally could find anything wrong with adding a couple of Javas to your flock. If you do decide to add one of these beauties to your flock, take pride and every time you look at them, you should take a moment to reflect and remember that not that long ago, we almost lost this special breed entirely.


Oden is a homesteader from Southern, Illinois who's always had a love for avian creatures. He started Life Of A Farm as a means of helping connect newcomers to the homesteading lifestyle to information they need.

By Oden

Oden is a homesteader from Southern, Illinois who's always had a love for avian creatures. He started Life Of A Farm as a means of helping connect newcomers to the homesteading lifestyle to information they need.

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